In structural engineering, a shear wall is a wall composed of braced panels (also known as shear panels) to counter the effects of lateral load acting on a structure. Wind and seismic loads are the most common loads braced wall lines are designed to counteract. Under several building codes, including the International Building Code (where it is called a braced wall line) and Uniform Building Code, all exterior wall lines in wood or steel frame construction must be braced. Depending on the size of the building some interior walls must be braced as well.
A load-bearing wall (or bearing wall) is a wall that bears a load resting upon it by conducting its weight to a foundation structure. The materials most often used to construct load-bearing walls in large buildings are concrete, block, or brick.
By contrast, a curtain wall provides no significant structural support beyond what is necessary to bear its own materials or conduct such loads to a load-bearing wall.
Shear walls and bearing walls are more related to normal buildings.
A bearing wall takes mainly the vertical loads. That works up to several floors in masonry; in the beginning of last century in the range of 5 floors. Today for the facades (and then for the whole building) often reinforced columns are used, forming with the beams a frame.
Shear walls take mainly horizontal loads. They are important for earthquake design of smaller buildings. If you compare it with a lattice work, the shear wall replaces the diagonal. If there are high shear forces, there arelimitations to the place and size of openings in a shear wall. Masonry shear walls work well for buildings with a few floors. If ther are higher loads, one can also make them in reinforced concrete.
The pendekkan cerita, load bearing wall mengambil bebanan dari atas. Zaman dolu dolu setakat bangunan yg rendah rendah, tidak ada column di gunakan sebaliknya, dengan batu bata nya saja sudah boleh menampung beban. Justeru di gelar load bearing walls.
Shear wall, load atau force nya datang dari tepi (horizontal). Contoh force dari earthquake gitu.